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Ecological and geochemical evaluation of protected areas landscapes


Work number - M 15 FILED

Presented Institute of Geochemistry, Minerology and Ore Formation named after M.P. Semenenko, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Authors:
Splodytel Anastasiia Olehivna – PhD, Candidate of Geographic Sciences, Doctoral Student at the Institute of Geochemistry, Minerology and Ore Formation named after M.P. Semenenko, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

 

This Cycle of Research Papers presents results of author’s ecological and geochemical research of landscape components of protected areas, their soils, plants, natural waters, surface deposits (using national nature parks as an example) during 2014-2019.

The goal of the research is to provide ecological and geochemical evaluation of protected areas by conducting landscape research of Ukrainian landscapes.

The comprehensive ecological and geochemical evaluation of protected areas with different level of anthropogenic load is presented. The study reveals trends in landscape contamination as well as suggests forecast for their further condition based on biogeochemical parameters.

The fundamentals for complex integral approach for the research of ecological and geochemical evaluation of protected areas with different level of anthropogenic load is created.  

During the research we have got a wide range of fundamental results as to:

  • regularities of distribution and accumulation of chemical elements in landscape components;
  • forms for discovering and indices of heavy metals movements in landscape territories of protected areas;
  • research methodologies for mapping river, river and estuary, estuary and aqua complexes;
  • measures as to control and use of the protected area territories depending on the level of landscape contamination.

The paper suggests new approaches to ecological and geochemical evaluation of protected areas. The author sets unconventional tasks based on landscape and geochemical analysis and GIS-modelling in order to define main forms of chemical elements presence in soils, plants and natural waters of protected areas of the Dnipro valley, which allows to foresee possibility of complex heavy metal compounds formation under the conditions of physical and chemical changes in the environment or increased  anthropogenic contamination. The research suggests new measures to immobile heavy metals. Using the most effective methodologies the simultaneous bringing in lime with organic or mineral fertilizer. Under such conditions, coagulation of soil colloids of hydroxides of Fe, Мn, Аl and immoveable components of heavy metals (carbonates, phosphates, oxides) takes place.          

The results of the Research Papers Cycle have an increasing significance for the scientific institutions (specializing in geology, geography and ecology), higher education establishments, and institutions providing rehabilitation measures on contaminated territories.

Number of publications: The Research Paper Cycle includes one individual monograph and 12 articles in scientific journals. General number of publications – 32.

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