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The role of dysplastic deformities of the knee joint bone components in gonarthrosis development, prediction of its progress

Work number - M 53 AWARDED

Presented: Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Health of Ukraine

Author: Pustovoit Kateryna Borysivna

The objective of the work is to ground the role of dysplastic deformities of the bone components (especially distal portion of femur) in the development of gonarthrosis and to work out its prognostic model.

The authors, on the ground of theoretical research and experiments, determined the distribution of loading of all osseous structures at the knee joint dysplastic syndromes under normal patellar position and patella alta, and various shapes of femoral overgrowth. 

The assessment principles of dysplastic gonarthrosis have been developed. 

Conceptual basis for simulation the conditions of dysplastic knee joint destruction was formed.

It was proposed to improve diagnostic search in arthrology.

Realized: new assessment criterion (the knee joint disease index) and prognostic model (formula) of dysplastic gonarthrosis progression, which, in contrast to the world analogues, allow to optimize the assessment process and enable avoidance of mistakes in the surgical treatment planning.

The results of the research were introduced into the clinical practice of SI "Prof. M.I. Sitenko Institute for Spine and Joint Pathology NAMSU", CMC "Kharkiv regional clinical traumatology hospital" and to the academic process of the department of traumatology and orthopedics of Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Health of Ukraine.

Economic effect due to this introduction includes reduction of expenses on dysplastic gonarthrosis assessment via x-ray examination of the joints with overall precision of the predicted gonarthrosis stage reached 97%.

Number of publications: 23, including 1 monograph, 1 manual, 20 articles (8 – in foreign issues), in particular, 2 articles were included to Scopus scientometric database, total number of author's reference links calculated in Google Scholar  database is equal to 1, h-index = 1. Novelty and competitiveness of technical realizations is protected with 1 patent.