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Plasma and plasma-catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons into synthesis gas



Presented by Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Theseriesofworkscontains2collaborativemonographs, 1 Ukrainepatentfor utility model, 20 scientific articles and 13conference abstracts, all published during the 2010-2014 period.

This series of works integrates research in the different areas of plasma physics, plasma chemistry in particular. Research aimed at the development of new alternative energy sources led to a growth of interest in the new applications of plasma chemistry for energy production.Ofparticularinterestisthedevelopmentofthetechnologiesfortheplasma-assistedreforming, which are necessary for the implementation of renewable hydrocarbons such as biofuels into the energy sector of Ukraine.

Theprimaryobjectivesofplasmachemistry include the research and development of new plasma systems that will be capable of operating at high pressure, generate non-equilibrium plasma, and feature long service life and high energy efficiency. In order to address these challenges, a number of works in the series was focused on the development and research of the plasma systems for the plasma and plasma-catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons into synthesis gas. Several first-of-a-kind plasma generators were developed, which, unlike previously known discharges, feature operating modes with low electrode erosion and can be used to create plasma generators with long service life.

Another important goal, aside from the generation of non-equilibrium plasma, is to be able to influence the plasma non-equilibrium and control the yield of a specific final product as a result. Therefore, part of theworks in theseries was focused on the experimental study of the factors that influence the energy parameters of plasma.As a result, the effective mechanisms for the manipulation of the non-equilibrium level of plasma in plasma systems were discovered. The qualitative model of the influence of chemical reactions on the level of plasma non-equilibrium was created.

In addition, this series of works included the implementation and study of plasma and plasma-catalytic reforming of hydrocarbon fuels into synthesis gas. The complex plasma-activated steam-oxidative system was developed for the conversion of hydrocarbons into synthesis gas.Produced synthesis gas can be used for enhancing the efficiency of conventional fuel combustion.Thepotentialusersoftheresearchresults:theenergyandcoalindustries of Ukraine,power plants, heat-only boiler stations, waste treatment plants, municipal and urban engineering.

Researchresultsarepresentedin2collaborativemonographs, 1 Ukrainepatent, 20 scientific articles(including9foreign publications), 13 conference abstracts. Author’sworkiscitedin28scientificarticles, h-index= 5. A totalnumberofpublicationsbyauthor: 2 collaborativemonographs, 1 Ukraine patent for utility model, 36 scientific articles(including14foreign publications), 134 conference abstracts.