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Innovative foundations for soil restoration and irrigation under conditions of war and peace


Work number - P 21 ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE

Presented National Scientific Center “Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky”

Authors:
1. BALIUK Sviatoslav Antonovych – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Acting Director of the National Scientific Center “Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky”;
2. BOHAIENKO Vsevolod Olexandrovych – PhD in Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the V.M. Glushkov Institute of Cybernetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
3. KUCHER Anatolii Vasylovych – Doctor of Economics, Chief Researcher at the National Scientific Center “Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky”;
4. ROMASHCHENKO Mykhailo Ivanovych – Doctor of Technical Sciences, Advisor to the Directorate of the Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine;
5. SOLOVEI Vadym Borysovych – PhD in Agricultural Sciences, Head of Department at the National Scientific Center “Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky”;
6. SOLOKHA Maksym Oleksandrovych – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Head of the Laboratory at the National Scientific Center “Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O.N. Sokolovsky”
7. TYTOVA Liudmyla Viacheslavivna – PhD in Biology, Senior Researcher at the D.K. Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
8. SHATKOVSKYI Andrii Petrovych – Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Deputy Director for Research at the Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine.

This work is the result of many years of joint long-term research by an interdisciplinary team of scientists who first proposed the scientific basis for integrated sustainable management of soil resources and irrigation in the pre-war, war and post-war periods. The work is based on an inter- and transdisciplinary methodological framework that allowed us to overcome the limitations of a narrow sectoral approach and propose a concept of conservation, restoration and rational use of soils and irrigation systems in war and peace for the innovative development of the agricultural sector of the economy.

The pre-war developments, in particular, on a parametric system for diagnosing soil formation and classifying soils on a quantitative basis, agro-soil potentials of natural and effective soil fertility, soil and ecological zoning of Ukraine, methodology for large-scale soil surveys and monitoring, including aerial soil monitoring (including using a patented drone), served as the basis for determining the impact of military operations on soil resources and developing measures for their restoration.

For the first time, a methodology for assessing the impact of hostilities on soils was developed and tested. Its implementation made it possible to assess the impact of russian armed aggression on Ukraine’s soil resources, identify the intensification of military soil degradation, and develop maps of the impact of hostilities on soil cover at different levels of managment – country, region, district, and territorial community.

The work proposes a conceptual framework for the restoration of soils damaged by hostilities and irrigation to ensure food and water security and partially to address environmental and economic security challenges. Cost-effective and environmentally balanced technologies and technical means for irrigation and efficient use of irrigated land in the context of climate change, military operations and post-war reconstruction were developed. Measures to increase Ukraine’s water supply, in particular by restoring the Kakhovka Reservoir on an innovative basis and using the water resources of the Danube River, were substantiated. A screening algorithm and a unique collection of selected agronomically useful strains of soil and endophytic bacteria were created, and a number of environmentally safe microbial preparations were developed and introduced under licence agreements at biotechnology companies in Ukraine, the USA, Spain and Portugal.

Number of publications: 2 individual monographs, 157 collective monographs (textbooks, manuals), incl. 7 in foreign editions, 109 articles in journals included in category A (including 72 in foreign journals) and 250 articles in journals included in category B, 58 – regulatory documents. The total number of citations to the authors’ publications/h-index for the work according to the databases is respectively: Web of Science 400/25, Scopus 640/35, Google Scholar 8460/113

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