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Дипломатія Королівства Русі у європейських латиномовних пам’ятках ХІІІ–XV століть


This investigation focused on the analysis of the political rewards of Romanovych’s dynasty and their successors in XIII–XIV centuries. First detailed evidences about the rulers of Galicia-Volhynia state (or “Regnum Russiae”) in medieval narrative works appeared only in the second half of the XIII century. Most of that mentions are hardly used by researchers of the history. That's why the aim of this study is, using the narrative Latin sources, to highlight the most prominent political directions of the rulers of Galicia-Volhynia Rus’  in XIII–XIV centuries.

Political relationships with Hungarian kingdom were particularly important for the rulers of Rus’. Danylo Romanovych fought with the extension of the influence of the Árpád dynasty during his whole ruling period. Normalization of the relations came only in the second half of the XIII century. By analyzing the works of medieval narrative Latin reports, I revealed new significant details of the diplomatic alliance between Lev Danilovych and the last representative of Árpád’s Andrew III. Yuriy Lvovych and his cousin Bavarian duke Otto III Wittelsbach continued further struggling for the Hungarian Heritage.

Furthermore, narrative Latin sources strongly emphasize the west direction of foreign policy of the rulers of Regnum Russiae in XIII-XIV centuries. Details of coronation of Daniel Romanovych were examined by Polish chronicler Jan Długosz and Italian monk Nicolas de Curbio. The connection of Lublin in 1290 was a result of diplomatic reward of Lev Danilovych. This fact is strongly proved by Austrian chroniclers of the XIV-XV centuries. Also, some outdated stereotypes particularly around the duke Yuriy-Boleslaw Troydenovych are refuted in this dissertation. The Romanovych’s successor continued political line of his predecessors. He was forced to engage the Horde to resist with the political union of Hungarian king Charles Robert of Anjou and the Polish monarch Casimir III. After the death of Yuriy-Boleslaw in 1340, the political struggle for Galicia-Volhynia Rus’ was continued by his follower Dmytro-Lubart Hedyminovych.

European chroniclers and annalists outlined the active participation of Romanovych’s dynasty in the struggle for the Austrian Succession of Babenbergs in the second half of the XIII century. The troops of the rulers of Rus’ and their Hungarian allies took part in the battles for possession of alpine lands in 1250–1270s. There are also some mentions about participation of Lev Danilovych in the great battle near Durnkrut in 1278 in Latin medieval sources. In conclusion, these testimonies are very important for understanding of diplomacy of Galician duke in the last quarter of the XIII century