Work number - P 17 ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE
National Scientific Centre “Institute of Agrarian Economics”
Nominees for the State Prize of Ukraine in science and technology: Sabluk P.T., Haidutskyi P.I., Mesel-Veseliak V.Y., Danylenko A.S., Malik M.Y., Fedorov M.M., Hladii M.V., Lupenko Y.O., Luzan Y.Y., Kyrylenko I.H.
The aim of the researchis provision of theoretical and methodological support and scientific provisions for adjustment of agrarian sector of economy of Ukraine to the challenges of market management and increase of its efficiency.
Scientific noveltyof the research presupposes substantiation of scientific framework of the development of agrarian sector of economy of the country via shift from the administrative-command system of economy to market economy.
The practical importance of the the researchconsists in creation of administrative and economic relations in the agrarain sphere due to the preinciples of the market economy, reorganisation of state agricultural enterprises and business entities into new business entities that can ensure enhancement of production.
Brief summary of the research. The group of autours of the research provides scientific sustantiation of the strategy of transformation of agrarian sector of Ukrainian economy that was approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and that was reflected in the acts and decrees by the President of Ukraine and that was practically applied. In particular, it covers the scientific and practical framework for privatization, evaluation and share funding of land and community property, management of farms, private households, agricultural cooperatives and agricultural associations and partnerships, mechanisms of the state regulation and support of the brunch and other.
As a result collective farms (kolkhoz) and state farms (sovkhoz) were reorganized into business entities of market types; farms and private rural households were developed; the land lease, land tenure and property rights lease were implemented; the market system of tax support the brunch was introduced via taxation, commodity interventions, forward purchases; target compensations and dotation and other.
All these measures taken provided positive results and changes in the brunch. By the year 2014 the gross products increased for 1,8 times since 1999, the gross grain harvest reached 64 mln t, before the reforms the highest harvest level was 50,1 mln t in 1990. The labour productiveness in agricultural enterprises increasd for 7,4 times in 2013 since 2000, and in 4,7 times since 1991. The brunch became permanently profitable and was transformed from dotational into budget-forming. The peasants got new steady source of profit, i.e. lease of personal agricultural land as in 2013 they got 9.8 bln UAH of rental payments. The wages of employees of the brunch increase, and the gap between the wages in the agrarian and industrial spheres shortens. The number of references to the nominated authors is 6876