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Tactical basics of using forensic forecasting in pre-trial investigation (by the example of the National Police of Ukraine)


Name and initials ofthe applicant:Tesliuk I.А.

The workproposed by:Odessa StateUniversity of Internal Affairs.

Brief description ofwork:The monograph is devoted to a comprehensive study of the tactical bases of the use of forensicforecasting in pre-trial investigation.  The purpose of the work is to substantiate the tactical basis of forensic forecasting in thepre-trial investigation to develop proposals and recommendations onthe tactics of its application in conducting separate investigative(investigative) actions. 

To achieve this goal, a number of tasks havebeen identified and fulfilled, namely: to reveal the essence ofgeneral theoretical positions of the method of forensic forecasting;to study the current state of application of this method in pre-trialinvestigation;  improve the tactics of its application duringinterrogation, inspection, other investigative (search) actions. 

Itis noted that the identification of the stages in the development ofthe method of forensic forecasting will allow to understand how thedevelopment of this method took place in science, as well as toidentify the main problematic issues of its application in thepre-trial investigation of criminal offenses. 

We propose our own definition of the term "forensic forecasting", certain features,levels of application, purpose, tasks, subjects, objects, subject,functions, principles and stages of forensic forecasting. 

Theclassification is developed and added.  The purposeof forensicforecasting is to anticipate the effects of the object of forecastingthrough cognition of the past and the assumptions of a probable futurefor further planning and implementation of tactical decisions by theinvestigator. 

The main task is the development of regularities and mechanisms for the development of the predicted object, as well as itsconsequences, in order to avoid inaccuracies and errors in the conductof investigative (search) actions to achieve a certain result. 

Theauthor considers the problematic issues of using the method of

forensic forecasting during the pre-trial investigation, as well asthe reasons and ways of eliminating the reasons for the ineffectiveapplication of the method of forensic forecasting in the pre-trialinvestigation. 

It was stressed that the legal and regulatoryframework that regulates the activities of the bodies of preliminaryinvestigation of the bodies of the National Police remains imperfect,the   of preparation, including the methods of criminology, do notalways provide the expected results, since they do not have an activeapplication. 

Based on the study of regulatory legal acts, tactics ofusing the method of forensic forecasting during the conduct of vowelinvestigative (search) actions are determined. 

These recommendationscontribute to the quality and effectiveness of planning and conductingthe necessary operational and search activities and investigative(search) actions.