Work number - M 9 FILED
The work is presented by the Department of Physical Chemistry of Fossil Fuels InPOCC National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Author is Shevchyk L. Z.
The purpose of the work is environmental assessment and restoration of oil-contaminated soils using higher plants.
Linum usitatissimumL., Helianthus annuus L. and Fagopyrum vulgare St. are sensitive to oil pollution and are suitable for biotesting of the oil-contaminated soils at early stages of germination in the wide range of concentrations of oil in soil (0–20%). High sensitivity of F. vulgare to low concentrations of oil in the soil near approximately admissible level (0.4% of oil in the soil) was discovered and proved for the first time. F. vulgareis recommended to use for bioindication of oil-contaminated soils.
A scale of toxicity of oil-contaminated soils is suggested, which shows the relationship between phytotoxicity, content of oil in soil and pollution level. The method of environmental assessment of oil-contaminated soils was tested on the oil-contaminated soils – dumps of Borislav Ozokerite Mine and its efficiency is proved. Optimum conditions for carrying out a phytoremediation are determined.
The expediency of using Hippophae rhamnoides for phytoremediation of oil-contaminated soils was proved. Hippophae rhamnoides plants successfully adapt to adverse conditions of the oil-contaminated soils and improve physical, chemical and biological properties of soils, reduce oil content in the soil. The degree of soil cleaning from oil pollution reaches 92.7%. An ecological-economic evaluation of phytoremediation of oil-contaminated soils using Hippophae rhamnoides was carried out.
The results of research are published in 29 publications: 8articles (1 – in foreign journal), 19 – the theses of conferences, 2 patents. A common amount of references to the works of the author is 14, h-index of quoting is 2(according to Google Scholar database).